报告题目：A Quantitative Evaluation of Universal Basic Income
报 告 人：李倩
报告地点：腾讯会议（会议ID：908 370 306）
李倩，南安普顿大学讲师，2014年获纽约州立大学石溪分校经济学博士学位。主要研究宏观经济学、公共财政和计算经济学。在Journal of Economic Dynamic and Control、Economic Letters、B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics等期刊发表论文。
We provide a quantitative evaluation of the impact of Universal Basic Income (UBI) on macroeconomic aggregates, welfare and redistribution, exploring different levels of UBI generosity, paired with different strategies to finance it. We find a welfare loss for all levels of UBI if financing schemes involve income taxes. A common channel for the welfare loss is the negative redistribution by small UBI and the efficiency loss associated with generous UBI due to its discouragement in labor supply. Learning by doing further deteriorates welfare results because the lowered human capital caused by less labor supply translates to even more efficiency loss. In contrast, financing UBI with consumption taxes exclusively is the least distortionary way. Providing UBI up to $24,640 per year per household improves the ex-ante expected welfare for both low and high skilled newborn households. During the transition of the optimal reform, roughly only 7% of the current population benefits and almost all of them are low skilled.
腾讯会议ID：908 370 306
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撰稿：王杰 审核：齐鹰飞 单位：高等经济研究院